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Coronavirus (COVID-19) epidemic weekly update for Malvern Seniors

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31st July 2022


Monkeypox news


For more than two years we have been keeping an eye on the published government figures and monitoring the media to asses the likely level of risk for Seniors in the Malvern Hills district and providing links to where further information could be found.

During the epidemic Public Health England was split into the UK Health Security Agency and Office for Health Improvements and Disparities. However for simplicity, in this blog, we have continued to refer to this as PHE data.

Testing has been run down and the public can no longer record the result of Lateral Flow tests so the daily cases reported on the Coronavirus Dashboard greatly underestimate the actual situation, and so we have deleted our section on testing; this can however be found on archived pages.

The only remaining sources of data indicating direction of travel are:

  • The ONS infection survey

  • Registered deaths (ONS, NHS)

  • NHS hospital bed occupancy, and

  • The Zoe Health Study

Now the epidemic is largely over the numbers are of less importance, but we'll carry on with our blog for a little while longer. This page will continue to be updated each weekend using Friday's data, nominally with Sunday's date.



How to get vaccinated

More about vaccinations

Number of cases

Number of deaths

Healthcare numbers

Forecast for the week ahead

Longer term outlook

Advice for seniors


Summary of links

Menu of archived pages


The current wave of COVID-19 caused by the Omicron BA.5 variant has peaked as confirmed by a reduction in the number of patients admitted to hospital and a fall in COVID bed occupancy during the last week.

We expect (ONS) weekly deaths in England and Wales to creep up towards 750 in the next week or so and then subside during the summer as infections drop.

Because the Wuhan vaccines rarely stop us catching the latest variants, there is still a fair chance some of us will catch COVID-19 in coming weeks despite being fully vaccinated.

It's rumoured that in the UK you are unlikely catch COVID again within 2 months of recovering from a previous bout.

The lucky may either show few symptoms or have a mild fever, sore throat, general aches and pains, and quickly get over it; but others could feel quite poorly and spend a few days in bed, with it taking five to ten days or so to recover.

Many of those who have caught COVID report either getting easily tired or suffering from shortness of breath for some weeks afterwards; if so patients are advised take it easy until fully recovered.

Very few of those infected with Omicron are admitted to hospital.

Any precautions to take are now a personal decision; see our advice.

To reduce the likelyhood of hospitalisation amongst the most vulnerable, a second COVID-19 booster jab has been available to Seniors aged 75+ years known as the Spring Booster. UKHSA recommends everyone eligible should get it, but the Coronavirus Dashboard figures suggests about 20% of those aged 75+ in England have yet to step forward, if the vaccine hesitant are taken into account.

Some surgeries are offering the Spring Booster, but if not you can still get it at the Three Counties Showground vaccination centre (use brown gate).

Click for information about Walk-In Clinics

Click for information about the Spring Booster

Click to view our advice

Click for Worcestershire Dashboard and associated links

The government says there will be an Autumn booster programme for those aged 50+ years; this will be a phased roll out of both COVID and Flu jabs; details to follow.

Click for government press release - Health and Social Care Secretary accepts JCVI advice on autumn booster programme

Note: following Sajid Javid's resignation, Stephen Barclay is now Health Secretary.

Monkeypox update

Outbreaks of Monkeypox have been detected in Europe and the UK. It's a serious and now a notifiable disease. Click below for European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control factsheet:-

Factsheet for health professionals on Monkeypox

AP News reports the WHO has declared this a global emergency.

UN health agency chief declares monkeypox a global emergency

As of 28 July 2022, there are 2,469 confirmed and 77 highly probable monkeypox cases in the UK making 2,546 in total. Of these, 2,436 are in England.

This compares to 2,137 cases on 18th July, an increase of about 41 cases per day.

The majority of cases are said to be in men who have sex with men, and 75% of cases were initially in London.

Click link: Monkeypox cases confirmed in England - latest UKHSA update

The good news for Seniors is that vaccination for Smallpox, which we mostly had as children, should give protection from Monkeypox.

How to get vaccinated for COVID-19

Note: by now we expect most Seniors are fully vaccinated and if so you can skip this section.

COVID has mutated so the original Wuhan vaccines do not stop the disease being passed on to someone else.

The purpose of vaccination is now to minimise Long COVID and severe illness which results in hospitalisation, and possibly death.

Children aged 5 - 11 years can be offered the vaccine, though only 10% or so have had a first dose in England.

Prof Kit Yates of Independent SAGE thinks vaccination of children is a good thing but we suspect many parents are unsure.

Those aged 16+ years can book a booster 3 months after their second dose.

Click NHS link - Who can get a coronavirus (COVID-19) vaccine

For information about walk-in centres in Worcestershire go to the website:


and click the Vaccine Rollout tab at the top of the page.

Click for information about vaccination at the Three Counties Showground

Otherwise either see the NHS website for walk-in opening times and vaccine availability:


Or click this link for more information and to book a vaccination on-line:

Book a Coronavirus vaccination - NHS (www.nhs.uk)

Or talk to your GP.

More about vaccinations


 Our bar chart below shows the total number of:

  1. first jabs;

  2. second jabs;

  3. first boosters and third jabs;

  4. for comparison, the population of the UK broken down by age band.


COVID vaccination bar chart

Vaccinometer as of 8th April 2022

People are still coming forward to be vaccinated, but the rate is so slow expect to see little change to this chart during 2022.

Vaccination statistics are now of little relevance but can be found on the Vaccination tab of the Coronavirus Dashboard.

What's more important is that those who have chosen to be vaccinated get their booster jabs.

First booster jabs

Last Christmas, all adults were offered a third jab (or booster) to reduce the likelyhood of hospitalisation after being infected by the Omicron variant of COVID-19.

Spring booster jabs for Seniors

Those aged 75+ are eligible for a second (Spring) booster which ideally should be 6 months after the first booster.

If you have COVID you must wait at least 28 days after infection before getting the jab.

You should be contacted by the NHS and invited to book your spring booster when it's due - our invitation came by email followed a week later by a letter. Try to book an appointment around 6 months after your last dose to get the best protection from your Spring Booster (check the date on your vaccination card).

New Court Surgery is currently not offering Spring Boosters so you may have to book your booster at a mass vaccination centre, such as the Three Counties Showground, either on-line or by phoning 119.

There are also walk-in appointments at the Three Counties Showground (see links in 'how to get vaccinated section' for days and times). Clinics may be suspended during large events.

Click to book a Coronavirus vaccination - NHS (www.nhs.uk)

Click for NHS England COVID-19 Vaccination statistics

Protection against hospitalisation

There is some uncertainty about how well the original Wuhan vaccines protect us from the latest variants of COVID-19. This is our judgement from reading the UKHSA reports:-

After 3 months the Wuhan vaccines seem to give little protection from catching the Omicron variants of COVID-19 but importantly they are said to protect from going on to develop severe illness and admittance to hospital.

The UKHSA COVID-19 vaccine surveillance reports indicate the effectiveness of the vaccines against earlier variants - four months or so after a third dose vaccine effectiveness against hospitalisation fell to about 80%, suggesting Seniors had been roughly 5 times less likely to go into hospital compared to an unvaccinated person.

Note: there has been insufficient time to gather reliable data on the Spring Booster and the latest variants BA.4 and BA.5, so for example, the protection offered against hospitalisation by BA.5 after a Spring booster is largely unknown.

Effectiveness against mortality

After a Booster the relative risk of death seems to be reduced by a factor of between 5 and 10 compared to the unvaccinated.

Most people who die are aged 85+ years and most are fully vaccinated; this simply reflects that most of those who die are elderly, most of the elderly population is vaccinated, and the vaccines are not 100% effective.

Here is a link to the latest report so you can make up your own mind about the effectiveness of the vaccines.

Click for UKHSA COVID-19 vaccine surveillance report Week 27, 7th July 2022

Note: the next report will be in a months time, on 4th August 2022.

Vaccinations Worldwide

A chart of the worldwide vaccination situation can be found on the Our World in Data website.

Click for worldwide statistics

Hint: click the country list on the left hand side of the screen to add or remove countries from the chart.

Orange triangleNumber of cases

There are now three sources reporting the prevalence of COVID-19 in the UK.

  • The ONS which conducts a weekly random survey by collecting nose and throat swabs from the public for PCR tests, and analysis for variants.

  • The ZOE Health Study, whereby participating members of the public log their symptoms, tests and vaccines.

  • PHE data gathered from PCR testing, mostly in hospitals, which had been underestimating infections by a factor of 6 or so.

ONS infection survey

ONS estimate that 2,632,200 people in England had COVID-19 in the week ending 20th July; a fall of 16% on the week before.

Click for Coronavirus (COVID-19) Infection Survey, UK: 29th July 2022

Date published Prevalence (England) Ratio of people with COVID
22nd July 2022 3,147,700 1:17
29th July 2022 2,632,200 1:20

Prevalence of COVID-19 in England estimated by ONS

ONS say they are moving to an on-line data collection method and postal returns for swabs and blood samples and as a result of this change there will be likely be no weekly bulletin on Friday 12 August 2022. So expect the next weekly update on 19th August.

Zoe Health Study

The ZOE Health Study estimates are shown in the following table.

  Prevalence (UK) Estimated new infections per day
Last week 4,540,836 285,834
This week
3,873,998 205,267

Prevalence of COVID-19 in UK estimated by the Zoe Health Study

According to the more up-to-date Zoe figures prevalence in the UK has fallen by 15% in the last week and daily cases fell by 28%.

Both the ONS and Zoe indicate the current wave of COVID is beginning to subside.

Numbers testing COVID positive in Worcestershire (PHE)

Note: this section has been deleted due to COVID testing being run down in the UK; figures can still be found on the Worcestershire Coronavirus dashboard, but these greatly underestimate the true number of infections. The direction of travel in Malvern is down.

Click for Worcestershire Coronavirus Dashboard

Directional arrowNumber of deaths

Statistics on COVID deaths are published by Public Health England, The Office of National Statistics, and NHS England. These can't be directly compared as  they cover different periods, but together the figures paint a picture of the direction of travel - which is that COVID weekly deaths are continuing to rise tracking the recent increase in infections, but delayed by 2 weeks or so.

PHE figures

The Dashboard chart of COVID (28) deaths, following a positive test, by date of death shows that the 7 day average peaked in England at 240 deaths per day about 10th April; and fell to a minimum of 40 about 10th June. By 18th July deaths had risen to 167 per day an increase of 25% on the previous week.

 Note that some of the deaths reported by PHE will be people who die with COVID but not from it.

Click to view the UK government Coronavirus Dashboard

ONS figures

The Office of National Statistics (ONS) reports registered deaths in England and Wales where COVID-19 is mentioned somewhere on the death certificate. The ONS figures lag the PHE figures by 10 - 14 days and do not include Northern Ireland and Scotland.

Note: the figures include cases where COVID may have been a secondary cause of death.

Click for national ONS data on deaths (Excel spreadsheet)

The ONS figures are broken down by District providing a glimpse of where deaths are occurring. The provisional cumulative total of COVID related deaths in Worcestershire reported by the ONS up to 15th July (week 28 of 2022) is shown below.

Note: the numbers are from summation of rows 9 to 339 of the ONS Death Registrations-Pivot table, which gives the provisional total of deaths reported in any week, which can be distorted by delayed reporting over public holidays.

Deaths by 'date of death' is a more accurate metric but takes longer to be confirmed.

Districts of
Week 28 Population
Bromsgrove 164 142 41 3 98,529
Malvern Hills 61 98 49 0 77,545
Redditch 108 109 30 3 85,317
Worcester 87 134 33 3 103,542
Wychavon 157 154 53 4 126,240
Wyre Forest 171 132 43 0 100,957
TOTAL 748 769 249 13 592,130

Provisional cumulative COVID-19 deaths in Worcestershire registered by ONS to 15th July 2022

There were 2 deaths in hospital and 1 elsewhere in Bromsgrove; 3 deaths in hospital in Redditch; 3 deaths in hospital in the city of Worcester; and 4 deaths in hospital in Wychavon.

In England and Wales 583 COVID-19 related deaths were reported in the week to 15th July, 162 more than the week before and a rise of 38%. Of these 54 were in a care home, 48 at home, 19 in a hospice, 447 in hospital and 6 elsewhere.

The rise is to be expected following the upside of the current wave of cases.

So far this year in England and Wales 21,615 people have died with COVID mentioned on their death certificate - it's clear COVID has not gone away entirely.

Chart of ONS deaths

ONS provisional deaths 'by week reported' in England and Wales 2022

Note: the steps in the chart above in weeks 18 and 22 were probably due to delayed reporting over the Easter, Mayday and Jubilee holidays.

The chart suggests waves of deaths from new variants have been gradually reducing in height. The present wave is expected to peak at about 750 deaths per week, in the next week or two.

The figures on the Coronavirus Dashboard of ONS deaths by date on the death certificate show ONS England deaths peaked at 160 deaths per day on 8th April, dipped to 25 about 10th June, then increasing to 56 by 1st July (seven day average). A 27% increase on the previous week.

In comparison averaged over recent years 1,700 people die daily from all causes in the UK, so COVID deaths in England now represent about 3% of UK deaths.

Click for ONS Coronavirus (COVID-19) latest insights: Deaths

Note: deaths reported by ONS are lower than those reported by PHE and there are two reasons for this. First the PHE figures include people who die with COVID but not from it. Second the ONS figures lag behind real time, so while the death rate is rising ONS under reports the true picture.

NHS England figures for Worcestershire

The table below shows the latest COVID deaths in Worcestershire hospitals reported by NHS England on 28th July 2022.

Worcestershire Cumulative deaths Past week
Acute hospitals 1,133 10
Care hospitals 78 3
TOTAL 1,211 13

Excludes deaths in care homes, deaths at home and deaths in hospices.

Deaths are up a bit as a result of the recent wave of BA.5 infections, but are not at a level to worry about.

Click for NHS COVID-19 total announced deaths

Look for COVID Total announced deaths file, then select tab Deaths by Trust.

Note: NHS say all deaths are recorded against the date of death rather than the date the deaths were announced. As from 1st July 2022 reporting has moved to publication once per week on a Thursday, rather than every weekday.

Risk of COVID-19 death by age band

NHS England provides an analysis of COVID-19 deaths in hospital in England and Wales by age band. Shown below is a snapshot of 2,898 recent deaths for the period 6th May 2022 to 6th July 2022 when most of these deaths will have been from the Omicron variants.

Age band Number of COVID deaths % of deaths
0 - 19 8 0.3
20 - 39 25 0.9
40 - 59 165 5.7
60 - 79 1,010 34.9
80+ 1,692 58.4

Relative risk of COVID-19 death by age band May - July 2022

The main point to note is those aged 60+ still account for 93% of deaths despite young people being more likely to catch COVID-19.

The risk profile for Omicron appears to be the same as for Delta. Age is the greatest risk factor.

triangleHealthcare numbers

The UK government Coronavirus Dashboard includes information about healthcare statistics and NHS bed occupancy.

Hospital COVID cases (England) Number Change in last week
Patients currently in hospital 11,914 -1,631
Patients on ventilation 273 -14
Patients admitted daily 1,446 -273

Headline summary of patients in hospital reported on 27th July 2022

Note: 'Patients admitted daily' is the weekly total to 25th July divided by 7. This number includes both patients admitted to hospital with COVID-19 from the community, and those diagnosed with COVID-19 in hospital.

It is said roughly half are being treated for COVID, and the remainder being treated for another condition with COVID.

Bed numbers by region in England

Tabulated figures for COVID bed occupancy in England can be found on the NHS England website and are another indicator of direction of travel:

Click for NHS England COVID-19 Hospital bed Activity statistics

Note: see the latest Daily Admissions and Beds spreadsheets, then look for all COVID beds.

Region 21st July 2022 29th July 2022 15th January 2021
England 13,375 11,149 33,362
London 2,323 1,952 7,811
Midlands 2,620 2,183 5,890

Comparison of All beds COVID data for England, London and Midlands

In the last week the number of COVID-19 General and Acute beds fell by about 16% in England, London and the Midlands.

For comparison, the number of beds occupied during the peak of the epidemic in January 2021 is shown in red in the right hand column of the table.

The chart below shows how COVID bed occupancy peaked in England about 18th July. Deaths can be expected to follow a similar shaped curve delayed by one week or so.

COVID beds

COVID bed occupancy in England from 1st April 2022

Green triangleWorcestershire hospital beds

Between 18 July 2022 and 24 July 2022, 101 patients went into hospital with coronavirus. This shows an increase of 16% compared to the previous 7 days. There were 120 patients in hospital with coronavirus on 26 July 2022, four less than last week; of which 2 are on a ventilator.

Broadly, COVID bed occupancy in Worcestershire has remained level over the last 2 weeks.

Click for Summary of Malvern numbers on the Coronavirus dashboard

This link also reports deaths.

Deaths in Malvern Hills

Between 16 July 2022 and 22 July 2022, there have been 2 deaths within 28 days of a positive coronavirus test.

Forecast for the week ahead

We expect the number of COVID related deaths in England and Wales (as registered by ONS) to increase by about 700  in Week 29 ending 22nd July, to be reported on 2nd August.

In the county of Worcestershire, based on 101 new hospital cases last week and assuming the ratio of all deaths (including those in care homes and at home) to be 1:11 of admissions, then there should be no more than 9 COVID deaths per week in the middle of August.

We expect NHS COVID bed occupancy to continue falling in England next week as the current wave of infection subsides.

Longer term outlook

Theoretically we were supposed to have entered the endemic stage of the disease with a high background level of infection, falling in the summer as more time is spent outdoors, and then rising  in  the winter. In the absence of safety measures, this model seems not to work for the latest variants of COVID-19.

Emerging factors are new variants against which the vaccines offer increasingly less protection; vaccinations waning in effectiveness; booster shots; overseas travel during school holidays; and super-spreader events such as summer music festivals; so it has become very difficult for computer models to predict what happens next.

It is already summer and instead of cases falling they have been rising, until 10 days ago. Cases can now be expected to drop in August and September as the BA.5 wave subsides before beginning to rise in October/November when more time is spent indoors with the windows shut.

The Omicron BA.1 variant became predominant in New Year 2022, followed by BA.2 and now BA.5 causing 3 waves of COVID so far, and there could be more ripples as new variants emerge.

About 4% of those infected could suffer from symptoms of Long COVID. Long COVID caused by previous variants, such as Delta, could be extremely debilitating, but thankfully most cases attributable to Omicron are said to resolve in between 4 and 12 weeks. Long COVID supposedly refers to symptoms beyond 12 weeks possibly caused by pockets of lingering inflamation within the body - doctors don't seem to know the cause.

After dipping to about 200 deaths per week, ONS deaths have been rising tracking hospital admissions delayed by two weeks or so.

The England and Wales ONS death rate is already 583 deaths per week and could rise a little more towards 750 COVID deaths per week in early August, following the recent rise in daily hospital admissions. Then the death rate should fall as infections and daily hospital admissions drop.

This rise in the death rate is a temporary blip and nothing to worry about; these will be largely 'baked in' deaths of those who have already been infected.

UCL modelling is suggesting the COVID death rate could fall to a minimum of 35 deaths per day, that is 245 certified deaths per week by the end of September, which is quite credible; then perhaps increasing to about 1,400 deaths per week during the winter months which would be concerning.

Click for UCL Long-term forecasting of the COVID-19 epidemic

The value of having future annual COVID vaccinations, as with Flu, is being questioned given the virus is so widespread and changing so fast. Unless there is a new vaccine capable of combatting different variants, it may be, as with the common cold, that next year we will have to soldier on with occasional repeat infections and no cure.

Most members of the British public appear reluctant to wear face masks, so there would be value in health professionals and engineers looking to improve ventilation in workplaces and public buildings in order to reduce the circulation of respiratory diseases. That would cost money so is unlikely to happen to any great extent; but perhaps improvements could be designed into new systems and buildings, and urgent consideration given to improving ventilation in schools where infections have always spread rapidly.

Cases of Influenza A are beginning to rise in Australia, which points to the possibility of a significant outbreak of Influenza in the UK in the winter. Because of lockdowns there hasn't been much Influenza for two years and the immunity of the population may have dipped. Catching Influenza and COVID at the same time could be bad news so don't forget your Flu jab in September/October.

Click for NHS Guidance - National flu immunisation programme 2022 to 2023 letter updated 22 April 2022

It seems to us that while UK COVID deaths remain below 700 per week, it is unlikely the public and government will be concerned.

As an elderly American lady drawled on a bumpy flight - 'don't worry; there are a hundred ways to die'.

Advice for SeniorsCOVID risk medium

The risk of exposure to COVID-19 has fallen a bit but remains MODERATE to HIGH in the UK and many European countries and this situation could continue for some months.

See our riskometer opposite.

During this period it is likely that despite being fully vaccinated many Seniors will at some time or other become ill with COVID-19.

How this affects us will depend on any previous exposure to the virus, and vaccines giving protection from severe illness.

Those most at risk are said to include:

  • Seniors aged 75+ years who have not been fully vaccinated;

  • Seniors aged 75+ whose first booster is waning;

  • Pregnant women who have not been vaccinated.

In the last month there have been no more than 13 COVID related deaths per week in Worcestershire which has a population of 600,000 so we currently estimate the risk of death for fully vaccinated Seniors to be less than 1% per year which we judge LOW while the risk of Long COVID is a little higher.

Currently the chance of Seniors being hospitalised with COVID-19 in any period of 12 months is less than 4% which we judge moderately LOW.

Most people are now taking the view that COVID is no longer a critical threat to their health.

For the more cautious the simple safeguards to remember are to:

  • make sure your COVID vaccinations are fully up to date - you must have a Booster to obtain significant protection from hospitalisation and death, and if that was more than 6 months ago, desirably a Spring Booster.

  • wash your HANDS thoroughly, using soap and hot water, for 20 seconds, including after handling deliveries to your home, to kill virus picked up from contaminated surfaces (see note 1);

  • when infection rates are high, ideally wear either a well fitting FACE covering,  or better an FFP2 face mask when in crowded settings for example when in shops, theatres, health-care settings, and when using public transport;

  • SPACE at least 2 metres from people you don't feel safe with (see note 2);

  • preferably socialise with friends and other households outdoors in the FRESH AIR else, if you are indoors, either ventilate by keeping windows open as far as is practicable or consider putting a HEPA air purifier in the room, which could also help with hay fever;

  • avoid crowded indoor settings;

  • avoid friends and colleagues with cold and flu like symptoms;

  • ideally self-isolate for 5 to 10 days to protect others if you feel unwell with cold or flu like symptoms; according to the Zoe COVID Study the current top five COVID symptoms are runny nose, headache, sore throat, tiredness, and sneezing which may be difficult to distinguish from a common cold (see notes 3 and 4);

  • respect others and give them space;

  • looking further ahead, don't forget to get your annual Flu jab when it next becomes available; that is usually sometime in September/October.


1) Wash your hands thoroughly before touching your face to avoid transferring virus from contaminated surfaces to your mouth, eyes and nose. If outdoors, wash hands with an alcohol based hand gel.

2) Two metres is further than you think - roughly an arm and a walking stick away.

3) The Zoe Health Study people suggest that if you have symptoms of a common cold there is a chance you might have COVID.

4) If you are 'clinically vulnerable' consult your GP or specialist; you may need to take a test and consider anti viral drugs if testing positive.

5) However careful you are, don't be too surprised if you catch COVID as the Omicron variants are highly infectious and the Wuhan vaccines give little protection against transmission and infection (although they do reduce the severity of symptoms).



During the epidemic in the UK about 200,000 individuals have now died with COVID-19 mentioned on their death certificate, mostly the elderly and disabled.

This week

Hospital bed occupancy and hospital admissions due to COVID have been going down so it looks as though the present wave of COVID infections has peaked.

There was a flurry of sickness amongst people we know about three weeks or so ago, but we currently know of no cases. That could suggest the virus has infected the most vulnerable and is now finding it harder to find victims.

We have therefore moved our riskometer down a peg from high to moderate.

Healthcare numbers

We have added a chart showing how NHS COVID bed occupancy has varied since 1st April 2022 and peaked about ten days ago.


UKHSA Technical briefing 44 dated 22 July 2022 looks at SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern and variants under investigation in England .

BA.5 is now the predominant variant circulating variant in the UK.

As of 18 July 2022 there were only 24 cases of BA.2.75 in the UK. Of these, 20 were in England, 3 in Scotland and 1 in Wales. It has also been identified in multiple other countries in low numbers.

Many other variants have been found but at present none seem to be of great concern.

COVID video updates

Links to updates by Professor Tim Spector of the Zoe Health Study, Independent SAGE  and pundit Dr John Campbell can be found here:-

Click to watch Zoe Health Study update on 28th July 2022 presented by Tim Spector.

This week Tim talks about Monkeypox, COVID cases dropping and the menopause.

Click to watch Independent SAGE update on 29th July 2022

Today's session is on 'Creating Safe Environments', with guests Dr. David Tomlinson, Lara Wong and Assc Prof Lena Ciric, session hosted by Prof Trish Greenhalgh and Prof Susan Michie; Dr Guddi Singh as chair and Prof Christina Pagel on numbers.

This week Dr John Campbell talks about the spread of Monkeypox

That's nothing to do with COVID but a link is here for anyone who might be interested.

List of vaccines

Moderna is developing a new version of its vaccine designed to protect from both Wuhan and Omicron strains.

Here is the updated list of COVID-19 vaccines ordered by the UK. It looks as though the government has settled on the use of Pfizer and Moderna with Astrazeneca now held in reserve.

Moderna has been offered for Spring Boosters at the Three Counties Showground.

The order for Valneva has been cancelled, but nevertheless it has now been approved for use by MHRA.

Click for BBC report - Valneva Covid vaccine approved for use in UK

 Nuvaxoid (Novavax) was approved in February.

 The government has signed deals to buy 114 million additional doses of the Pfizer (54M) and Moderna (60M) vaccines to use in 2022 and 2023.

Click for press announcement - Government agrees new deals to future proof vaccine rollout in light of new variant

The press announcement goes on to say that 60M doses of Novavax vaccine are expected to be delivered in 2022 and 7.5M doses of GSK/Sanofi, so there seems no intention to cancel these late arrivals.

Click for Guardian report - Novavax expected to be become fourth Covid vaccine available in UK

COVID-19 vaccine Doses ordered (million) Status
Pfizer BioNTech, two dose, -70 deg C 40+60+35 Approved, deliveries continuing, made in Belgium (EU). An additional 60M doses have been ordered for booster shots for the most vulnerable in the autumn. A further 35M doses were ordered in August 2021 for delivery in 2022.
Astrazeneca, two dose, fridge 100 Approved for those aged 30+ years; deliveries continuing. Batches made in UK, Belgium and India.
Moderna, two dose, -20 deg C 7+10 Approved. First deliveries to Wales and Scotland 7th April 2021 then England 13th April; mainly for those aged under 50 years awaiting vaccination.
Valneva, two dose 60+40
A jab from French company Valneva will be made in Livingston, West Lothian, Scotland. Order cancelled September 2021. Delivery had been expected to start in second half of 2021.

Approved by MHRA April 2022.
Janssen, single dose 20 Approved, a jab from Belgian firm Janssen, owned by Johnson and Johnson; UK approval 28th May. Order reduced from 30 to 20M.
Nuvaxovid 60 A jab manufactured by US firm Novavax being made in Stockton-on-Tees UK. Glaxo Smith Kline (GSK) contracted to fill and package vials. Approved by MHRA 3rd Feb 2022. JCVI to advise how vaccine will be used.
GSK Sanofi 60 Some delay due to adjusting the formula to give better protection to the elderly; expected approval and delivery of 7.5M doses in 2022.
Curevac 50 ? Contract placed with German company Feb 2021. Possible source of new variant vaccine; disappointing trial results have resulted in the company working on a second generation vaccine. Future uncertain.

Table of vaccines ordered by the UK government


Some of this information is now out of date but provides a historical context to the epidemic.

Information about Coronavirus can be found on the NHS website:




About COVID symptoms

Note: the list of symptoms was updated on 1st April 2022

Article about the effects of Wuhan Coronavirus on the human body


Reporting and how to obtain a test

How to get a test


About joining the Zoe COVID Symptom Study:




UK government Coronavirus guidance

See also - government sets out next steps for living with COVID

COVID-19 Response: Autumn and Winter Plan 2021 for England

UK Health and Security Agency (UKHSA) website


COVID Alert states

Guidance on UK COVID-19 alert level methodology: an overview

COVID-19 Alert Level lowered to 3 on 10th May 2021



Guidance on tiers: what you need to know

Government postcode checker to find tier for other areas



UK government COVID-19: Omicron daily overview

UK government Coronavirus Dashboard

Coronavirus Dashboard Interactive Map

ONS data on deaths in England and Wales (Excel spreadsheet)

NHS England COVID-19 Daily Deaths

NHS England COVID-19 Hospital Admissions

NHS England vaccination statistics

Reports on COVID intensive care beds - see intensive care national audit and research centre (ICNARC) website

Worcestershire Coronavirus Dashboard

Worcestershire COVID-19 Vaccinations Dashboard


HSA COVID-19 vaccine weekly surveillance reports

Information about NHS hospital bed numbers: past, present, future


A glimpse of the worldwide vaccination situation can be found on the Our World in Data website.

Click for chart showing % vaccinated



A forecast of the progression of the COVID-19 epidemic can be found on a University College London (UCL) website.

Click for UCL Long-term forecasting of the COVID-19 epidemic

A projection of the future COVID-19 death toll and daily deaths can be found on The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation website. 

Click for IHME projection of COVID-19 deaths



Coronavirus (COVID-19) latest insights by ONS

A live roundup of the latest data and trends about the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic from the ONS and other sources.


The bigger picture

Worldometer summary of coronavirus cases worldwide

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control info


World Health Organisation info



Window on the USA

Centre for Disease Control (CDC)

CDC COVID Data Tracker

Find maps and charts tracking cases, deaths, and trends of COVID-19 in the United States.

American Association of Retired People (AARP)



A local summary of COVID data can be found on the Worcestershire Coronavirus Dashboard.

Note 1: use the arrow <> buttons at the bottom of the Dashboard screen to move between pages.

Note 2: the figures for COVID cases are becoming meaningless as testing is run down.

Note 3:  deaths are on page 7, and hospital beds on page 9.

Click for Worcestershire County Council COVID-19 news

There is a colourful webpage offering advice on learning to live with COVID for those aged under 30 years. 'Rona' is slang for Coronavirus.

Click for The Worcestershire 'Rona' Hub

COVID Outbreak Control Plan

Click for Simple Summary of Malvern numbers on the Coronavirus dashboard



Spanish Flu

Dr Jeff Kildea's commentary about the 1919 outbreak of Spanish Flu in Australia


Views of Martin McKee, Professor of European Public Health

Follow Martin McKee on Twitter

Views of Prof Christina Pagel, a member of Independent SAGE

Follow Christina Pagel on Twitter


SAGE membership

Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE)


Scottish government:

Link to Scottish Government website

Link to Postcode checker for COVID restrictions by protection level in areas of Scotland


Welsh Government:

Guidance on COVID alert levels in Wales


The Malvern Hills logo

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The interpretations and opinions expressed are our own